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Enlarged Prostate
Enlarged Prostate
Dr. Pham Hoang Trung

The prostate is a walnut-sized gland wrapping around the urethra just below the urinary bladder. The prostate secretes a milk-white alkaline liquid that can improve the mobility of sperms and lubricate the urethra to prevent urinary infections. The prostate’s secretion also plays a very important role in the fertilization of the ova (eggs).

The excessive growth of the prostate cells results in an enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Enlarged prostate is rarely found in young men, only affecting less than 10% of men under 30. The risk gradually increases in older men, about 50% of whom have enlarged prostate when they are over 50, and 75% of whom have it when they reach 75 years old. In the US there are approximately 10 million men with enlarged prostate.

This disease is caused by a change in hormones related to the aging process.

It is the cause for the obstructed urethra syndrome. In addition to common symptoms such as the weakened spurt of urine, dripping after urination or the “unfinished” feeling after it, the pressure of the swollen gland is categorized into two types:

– The pressure of the swollen gland on the urethra causes obstruction in urination. Patients urinate drop by drop or with intervals, which leads to the retention of the urine.

– The pressure of the swollen gland on the urinary bladder causes dribbling of urine or incontinence. Patients urinate many times night and day, especially during the wee hours.

Khám Nhiếp Hộ Tuyến bằng ngón tay đưa vào hậu môn: Khi khám nhiếp hộ tuyến, bệnh nhân với tư thế nằm xấp chổng mông, bác sĩ sẽ đưa ngón tay (có bọc bao tay được bôi chất nhờn) vào hậu môn và sau đó dùng ngón tay ấn vào thành bên trong của trực tràng để xác định cỡ lớn của nhiếp hộ tuyến và ghi nhận những sự bất thường của nhiếp hộ tuyến. Ung thư nhiếp hộ tuyến có thể được khám phá khi sờ nắn được một cục bướu nhỏ nhô ra ở bề mặt của nhiếp hộ tuyến.


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